Pune is the 2 nd largest city in Maharashtra, after Mumbai. With an estimated population of 3.13 million, it is the 9 th most populous city in the country. Along with its nearby areas, Pune forms the urban core of the eponymous Pune Metropolitan Region (PMR). According to the 2011 census, the population of the metropolitan region stood at an estimated 7.27 million.

Pune is ranked the No. 1 city in India in 'ease of living' ranking index.